The bark gives an astringent, blood red colored gum known as Kino gum which has medicinal properties. Pterocarpus marsupium. The tree is not to be confused with the aromatic Santalum sandalwood trees that grow … It is also reported that an aqueous infusions of the wood is of use in diabetes and water stored in vessels Pterocarpus marsupium extract is used in Leucoderma, Diarrhoea, Pyrosis (heart burn, gastric hyperacidity) and toothache. Research has found that when the leaves of the Pterocarpus marsupium plant are applied directly to the tongue or are chewed, there is a decrease in the ability of the subject to taste sweet foods. Kino is used as astringent, which shrinks the soft tissues and contracts the blood vessels, thus it checks the flow of blood. The wood is not aromatic. This may limit cravings and binges, thereby helping to achieve significant weight loss results. Note : Heartwood is valuable as timber. It makes the hair shiny, long and black. 11. It is used for the treatment of elephantiasis, leucoderma, diarrhoea, dysentery, rectalgia, cough and greyness of hair. Habitat : The drier, hilly zones of dry deciduous forest. The wood of Vijaysar tree or Pterocarpus Marsupium can be used to control graying of hair in such people. It is used for door and window frames, posts, pillars, and agricultural implements. wood of Pterocarpus marsupium is astringent, bitter, acrid, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic and anodyne. This tree is valued for the rich red colour of its wood. Product offered : Wood Uses : The heartwood of pterocarpus marsupium is astringent, bitter acrid, anti inflammatory, anthelmintic and anodyne. Botanical Name : Pterocarpus Marsupium Family Name : Fabaceae Common Name : Indian Kino Tree, Malabar Kino Tree, Kino Part Used : Heart Wood, Leaves,flowers. Popularly known as Indian Kino Tree Cup in western world; the scientific name of this herb is Pterocarpus Marsupium(ВИДЖАЙСАР).As per Ayurveda; this herb has potential to treat prameha arisen due to disorder of Kappha & Pitta i.e. Images ... Major uses : It is most valued timber for constructional and furniture purpose after teak and Rose wood. Reduces Toothache: The gums and resins of Vijaysar tree or Pterocarpus Marsupium are used in the treatment of a toothache and they are very effective too. ), also known as Malabar kino or bijasal, is highly valued as a timber tree and for its pharmaceutically important gum kino (Badkhane et Uses Of Pterocarpus marsupium: References : Chakraborty, A. et al., (2010), In vitro evaluation of the cytotoxic, anti-proliferative and anti-oxidant properties of pterostilbene isolated from Pterocarpus marsupium, Toxicol In Vitro, 24(4), 1215-28. Indian kino tree (Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red saunders, red sandalwood, Rakt Chandan, and saunderswood, is a species of Pterocarpus endemic to the southern Eastern Ghats mountain range of South India. Other Uses of Pterocarpus: Gum, known as kino is obtained from the incisions of the bark. The effects of different fractions of heart wood of Pterocarpus marsupium on antioxidant enzyme like protein thiols and the efficacy of the extract for the protection of the renal function in alloxan induced diabetic rats was evaluated by Bhata, Nayak [17]. Pterocarpus (Leguminosae) is represented by 66 species globally (The Plant List 2018) that have high economic, medicinal and traditional value. The blood sugar lowering effects of Pterocarpus marsupium were well known in India long before pharmacological studies of the tree were undertaken. 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