Please note that the function of the behaviour needs to be further investigated and a function cannot be determined by a single occurrence. For example, when my students were lining up and all of them were not ready I would quickly state the specific behavior 1-2 students were doing correctly. Additional resources are listed at this end of this handout. First, it tells us what may be the function of the behavior. The four possible functions of behavior Access to a Tangible Escape/Avoidance Attention Automatic . Be sure to rule out genuine emotional upset before exploring the possibility of one of these functions: the functions of challenging behaviours. Instead of focusing on just the definition of a behavior, focus on why a behavior is occurring. Instructional Demand or Undesirable Situation Universal Interventions (all students) Recognize students for following school behavior expectations. Negatively Reinforced Behaviors—Escape or Avoid Task or Environment Intervention Strategy Example(s) Adjust the difficulty of the task • Provide easier work • Decrease the amount of work These are; access to tangibles, access to attention, escape/avoidance, and sensory stimulation. So his behavior probably functions to gain a tangible … This approach will focus on the changing outcomes of behaviors by looking at the entire context and approaching behavior from a function based perspective. screaming) was the same in each example, the function of the behavior was completely different. Tangible reinforcers. A behavior may serve one function or multiple functions. For instance, in the example above, Jimmy’s behavior gets him the turn on the computer–or at least that’s what happens. Behavior occurs: –as a means to get attention. In no time other students where mimicking that behavior. –to allow us to escape an activity or situation. Each behaviour serves at least one of these functions, although some behaviours might have multiple functions, or change its function over time. –so that we can get tangible items. E. scaping situations tasks or people Ignore minor problem behaviors in classrooms and common areas, praise others for correct behavior Behavior serves one of four functions (purposes). S.E.A.T is an easy acronym to help you remember these 4 functions. Rewards are an effective way to encourage positive behavior. Simply remember the anagram SEAT (Sensory, Escape, Attention, Tangible) in order to determine the root cause of your child’s behaviour. behavior intervention plan based on the function of the problem behavior. Remember, children are little people with feelings too. Four functions of behaviour. Audience members will learn how conduct a thorough Functional Behavior Assessment, select appropriate and function-based strategies, and analyze data to determine growth and next steps. Function of Behavior: Obtain Attention or Tangible Reward Function of Behavior: Escape/Avoid . Possible function of behavior: To get access to something o Social attention (teacher, parent, peer) o Tangible (object, activity, event) o Sensory stimulation (e.g., visual, kinesthetic) To escape or avoid something For every living organism, there are four functions of behaviour that apply. After multiple observations of the behaviour, one can begin to form a hypothesis or theory on why the behaviour may be occurring, and when it is likely to occur (i.e. Replacement behaviors should match the same function of the problem behavior, but the topography will likely look different and be a more socially acceptable behavior topography. Knowing that information let’s us know two things. triggers). The function of a behavior occurs because of one of four reasons: self-stimulating (sensory), to escape from something, attention seeking, or to get something they want (tangible). 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example of behaviour with a tangible function

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